Information Nadar Books

Nadars – Books / Thesis / Articles

From the start, we are trying to provide information, history, achivements etc.etc.. resources under one umbrella for our Nadar Community needs ­ providing quality information and services, and helping our people to put their business, information, data on the world wide web.
The following are some of the books / articles / thesis / resouces about our Nadar Community

  • The Northern Nadars of Tamil Nadu – Dennis Templeman : ISBN: 0195637887
  • The Nadars Through the Ages – Dr.M.Immanuel
  • Varieties of Political Behaviour Among Nadars of Tamil Nadu,     – Hardgrave, Robert L. Jr. 1966. Asia Survey, vol. 6: 614-621.
  • Political dynamics and social change in India: the Nadars of Tamil Nadu
    – Templeman, Dennis Roy (Ph.D. in Anthropology). A Thesis about Nadar Community — Univ. of California, Berkeley, June 1974 . Includes bibliography UCB Anthropol GN4.6 .T287 :: NRLF C 2 987 940 :: NRLF C 2 987 940

  • The Nadars of Tamilnad: The Political Culture of a Community in Change – Hardgrave, Robert L. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969. The formative history of a caste political movement in Madras Presidency. Connects the history of caste mobility and social differentiation with the emergence of reform efforts and urban caste representation in the political milieu of nationalism. This study has influenced many others.

BOOK 1 : The Northern Nadars of Tamil Nadu – Dennis Templeman.
An Indian Caste in The Process of Change (February, 1996): New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. The Nadars and their Social Setting, Past and Present
3. Kinship and Marriage among the Northern Nadars
4. Nadar Religious Beliefs and Practices
5. Nadar Local Associations
6. Conflict in Northern Nadar Local Associations (1): The Case of Aruppukottai
7. Conflict in Northern Nadar Local Associations (2): Palayampatti and Pattiveeranpatti
8. The Changing Role of Nadar Local Associations
9. Twenty Years of Change: 1970-90
10. Conclusions: The Northern Nadars Agency and Ideology
End Notes
Glossary
Bibliography
Index

Book Description

The Nadars are a low Indian caste, in terms of status, power, and wealth. This work analyzes the upward mobility of the Northern Nadars of Tamil Nadu within the caste hierarchy. The author studies two types of changes–caste mobility and social evolution–thereby challenging the notion of the caste system being a rigid order.

Great insight to the Nadar Community to the Young generation, January 13, 2002

Reviewer: Mayilvahanan Nadar from India

It is a great book, which gives the picture of how Nadars grown because of their unity among themselves and helping their community in all their causes.

It is a must for every Nadar to read this Book, If you are a Nadar you have to have this book, If you are not, it is a great book to read about the community which came up to the higher economy status by their sheer hard work, Dedication and their self formed Organisation support.

Conflict,Competition and power Equation Among the Nadars, June 24, 2000

Reviewer: Muthuraman.P from Tamilnadu,India

Dennis Templeman’s work on Northern Nadars had emerged out of Robert Hardgrave’s study, The Nadars Of Tamilnadu:The political culture of a community in change (1969),often considered as the first classic on Tamil Nadars. Exactly after 30 years of his mentor’s work Templeman came out with his masterpiece about how the disjunctive social process of conflict, competition and power equation among the caste members and between castes were instrumental in weakening the effectiveness of Nadars caste association at the grassroot level, popularly known “uravinmurais”. The mark of difference between Hardgrave and Templeman studies are that the former primarily dealt with how the Nadar caste as a whole rose to a ‘solid’ and ‘forward caste’ status achieving ‘power’ and wealth from a lowly position in the social hierarchy i.e., just above the untouchable, defined the commonly prevalent notion that Hindu caste system is overtly rigid with no scope for any upward mobility. In addition, this work further thrown light on the sphere of ‘official’ state and national government and on the impact of Nadar caste and class affiliations, intercaste relations and politics within Nadar caste association i.e., Nadar Mahajana Sangham, on Nadars’ interaction with regional and state level political parties. Whereas, the later work focuses on the uncovered dimension of Hardgrave’s work i.e., conflict within local association, between local associations and between Nadars and other communities in local settlement, which focuses upon the manipulation and use power and the struggle for power at the grassroot level rather than at the regional and national level. Primarily Templeman’s work examined these local associations under which caste as a whole achieved great cohesiveness and effectiveness, as well as the conditions which ultimately have led to their present weakened state.

The methodology used by Templeman to examine the political and social conflict of Nadars was to a large extent influenced by the anthropological study of law, unlike the ethnographical approach used by the conventional anthropologists. The author used legal ethnography to study caste conflicts, which is similar to the strategy oriented game theory approach adopted by F.G.Bailey and Fredrik. Barth. This work is based on intensive field study over a period of twenty five years in five distinct Nadar settlements i.e., Madurai (a large town), Aruppukottai (a small town), Palayampatti and Pattiveeranpatti ( two villages) and Palamedu (a small village).

This book consists of ten chapters, and the first three chapters deal about Nadars’ ethos, historical development of a caste, changes occurred, family, marriage and kinship pattern and the religious tradition and beliefs of the caste. The fourth chapter is devoted for Nadar local association in general whereas the fifth chapter highlights how the association began to shed some of their traditional characteristic features were recasted to promote and project Nadars’ interest in changing circumstances. Chaters six and seven vivids the nature of conflict of the aforesaid five Nadar settlements. The eigth and nineth capters give a complete picture of how the changes have occurred in the caste and its association within a span of thirty years i.e., the time lag between Hardgrave’s work to the present author’s work on Nadars. Templeman had mentioned that the Nadars’ caste association not only in the sample villages but all the Nadar settlements in Tamilnadu has assumed a new role as service organisation catering the needs of both Nadars and others, i.e., from the communal character to secular character. Templeman diagnosed three cardinal principles that gained currency among the Northern Hindu Nadars viz., 1) Caste as an endogamous group 2) importance of relative caste status and 3) Usefulness of local association. The author’s following observation has a merit i.e., “the Nadars believe they can perceive the conditions in which different values and actions will be effective, and in their ability to modify their behavior and values in order to take advantage of such emerging opportunities”. While concluding, Templeman talks about Northern Nadars’ agency and ideology and revealed the fact that how Nadars have continually reworked their social institutions while working within them. He has borrowed the agency approach generally used by antropologists concerned with law. His comparision of Nadars’ mobility pattern with Saraswat Brahmins and Jatavs and how Nadars’ mobility pattern is superior than the other two communities are quite interesting and unique among the backward castes

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